Crate training can be an essential tool in the overall training process for your dog, providing a safe and comfortable space for them while promoting positive behaviors. This in-depth guide will cover everything you need to know about crate training, including general tips, advice for new puppy parents, and guidance for adult dogs. We'll also discuss crate size adjustments as your dog grows, and how to choose the perfect crate for your furry friend.

General Crate Training Tips

Before diving into specific tips for puppies and adult dogs, it's essential to understand the basic principles of crate training. These general tips will lay the foundation for a successful crate training experience, ensuring that your dog feels secure and comfortable in their new space.

Choose the right crate: Select a crate that is large enough for your dog to stand up, turn around, and lay down comfortably. A crate that is too small or too large can hinder the training process.

  • Material: Consider the crate material (e.g., wire, plastic, or fabric) based on your dog's personality and chewing habits.
  • Crate pad: Add a comfortable crate pad or blanket to make the space more inviting.

Gradual introduction: Introduce your dog to the crate slowly, using treats and positive reinforcement to create a positive association with the space.

  • Begin by leaving the crate door open, allowing your dog to explore the crate at their own pace.
  • Offer treats and praise when your dog enters the crate voluntarily.
  • Gradually increase the time your dog spends in the crate, closing the door for short periods and extending the duration as they become more comfortable.

Establish a routine: Create a consistent crate training schedule to help your dog understand when they should be in the crate.

  • Use the crate for designated nap times, nighttime sleeping, and when you're unable to supervise your dog.
  • Avoid using the crate as punishment, as this can create negative associations with the space.

Exercise and stimulation: Ensure your dog receives adequate exercise and mental stimulation outside of the crate to reduce boredom and restlessness while in the crate.

  • Provide regular walks, playtime, and puzzle toys to keep your dog engaged and active.

Crate Training Tips for New Puppy Parents

Crate training a new puppy can be an exciting and challenging process. In this section, we'll provide specific tips for puppy parents to help create a positive crate training experience and address common challenges such as adjusting crate size as your puppy grows.

Start early: Begin crate training as soon as you bring your puppy home to establish a routine and create a sense of security.

  • Keep in mind that puppies have limited bladder control, so frequent potty breaks will be necessary during the initial stages of crate training.

Consistent schedule: Maintain a consistent daily schedule for feeding, playtime, and potty breaks to help your puppy adjust to the crate more easily.

  • Puppies typically need to eliminate after eating, drinking, playing, and waking up from a nap, so plan crate times accordingly.

Adjusting crate size: As your puppy grows, you'll need to adjust the crate size to ensure they have enough space.

  • Use a crate with a divider that can be adjusted as your puppy grows, or upgrade to a larger crate when needed.
  • Remember that a crate that is too large can encourage your puppy to eliminate in one corner and sleep in another, which may slow down the house training process.

Crate Training Tips for Adult Dogs

Crate training an adult dog can come with its own unique challenges, as older dogs may have established habits or anxieties that need to be addressed. In this section, we'll provide specific tips for crate training adult dogs, ensuring they adapt to their new space comfortably and effectively.

Patience is key: Adult dogs may take longer to adapt to crate training, so be patient and use positive reinforcement to create a strong association with the crate.

  • Keep in mind that dogs with a history of negative experiences may require additional time and patience to overcome their fears.

Address existing habits or anxieties: If your adult dog has existing behavioral issues or anxieties, work on addressing these concerns alongside crate training.

  • Consult with a professional dog trainer or behaviorist if necessary, to help your dog overcome any issues that may hinder crate training success.

Modify crate training techniques: Adult dogs may require different crate training techniques than puppies, so be prepared to adjust your approach as needed.

  • For example, if your dog is initially hesitant to enter the crate, try placing their food or favorite toy inside to encourage them to explore the space.

Monitor progress: Keep a close eye on your adult dog's progress with crate training and make adjustments as needed to ensure their comfort and success.

  • If your dog shows signs of stress or anxiety, take a step back and reassess your approach, making changes to better suit your dog's needs.

Choosing the Right Crate and Accessories

Selecting the perfect crate and accessories for your dog is an essential part of the crate training process. In this section, we'll provide guidance on choosing the right crate, as well as additional accessories that can enhance your dog's crate experience.

Crate types: Consider the different crate materials available, such as wire, plastic, or fabric, based on your dog's personality and needs.

  • Wire crates offer visibility and airflow, while plastic crates provide a more enclosed, den-like environment.
  • Soft-sided fabric crates can be comfortable but may not be suitable for dogs that chew or scratch.

Crate size: Ensure the crate is large enough for your dog to stand up, turn around, and lay down comfortably, but not so large that they have excessive space.

  • Refer to breed-specific crate size guidelines or consult with a professional for recommendations based on your dog's size and breed.


  • Crate pad: Choose a comfortable, durable crate pad or blanket that can be easily cleaned and replaced as needed.
  • Crate cover: Consider a crate cover to create a more den-like environment for your dog, especially if they prefer a darker, more enclosed space.
  • Toys and chews: Provide safe toys and chews for your dog to enjoy while in the crate, helping to keep them entertained and reduce boredom.

The ultimate guide to crate training covers everything you need to know to create a successful and positive experience for both you and your pet. By following these tips and best practices, you'll be well on your way to a well-adjusted, crate-trained dog. Remember, patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement are key to ensuring your dog feels comfortable and secure in their new space.

Happy crate training - Team Wagmo