Like humans, felines are prone to different allergies, causing excessive itchiness and discomfort if left untreated. Allergies are a common medical condition that affects cats, irrespective of age and breed. Most allergies in cats occur due to sensitivity to a foreign substance present in their environment and sometimes food.
Cats can also be prone to seasonal allergies. Environmental antigens like pollens, spores, and grass seeds are active during the spring season. And cats who spend most of their time outdoors during these allergy seasons can become susceptible to atopic dermatitis and environmental allergies.
Pet parents must note that undiagnosed allergies in felines can result in severe infection and inflammation that require veterinarian intervention. Read on to find out the different types of allergies that can affect your cats and how to treat and prevent them with cat wellness plans.
Some Common Types of Allergies
Most felines are prone to 5 types of allergies – Food, Household/Indoor, Environmental, Flea, and Atopic dermatitis.
1) Food Allergy
Like humans, cats are also sensitive to some food items or specific ingredients. In some cases, severe food allergies may grow into gastrointestinal problems like diarrhea, constipation, digestion issues, and vomiting. Interestingly, cats can get food allergies at any age, and in fact, they can be allergic to food items they have been eating just fine throughout their lifetime.
2) Household or Indoor Allergy
Cats can get allergies while staying indoors as well. Products like carpet powders, air sprays, and room fresheners can cause household allergies to felines. They can also be allergic to indoor allergens like dust, mites, and molds.
3) Environmental Allergy
Felines who spend most time outside are more susceptible to environmental allergies. Outdoor allergens like pollens, grass seeds, spores, and weeds can result in serious allergy situations in your cats. In some cases, cats are also allergic to cigarette smoke and perfumes that they often encounter while indoors or outdoors.
4) Flea Allergy
Cats are sensitive to flea bites. The residue from a flea bite can severely affect your cat's skin. Flea allergies affect a cat's neck, belly, thigh, and ear. It may result in excessive licking, fever, biting, and irritability in cats.
5) Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic Dermatitis is a severe skin condition that occurs when your cat experiences some kinds of allergies due to environmental antigens. The significant cause of atopic dermatitis is inhaling airborne substances like pollens, dust mites, grass seeds, and spores. It is also known as the second most common type of feline allergy after flea allergy.
Common Symptoms of Feline Allergy
Pet parents must look closely for different symptoms and signs as they may vary depending on the types of cat allergy. Some common symptoms may include:
- Itchiness and Irritation
- Sneezing, wheezing, and coughing
- Redness and swollen skin
- Excessive rubbing, scratching and licking
- Running eyes and nose
- Vomiting, constipation, or diarrhea
- Skin sores and scabbing – mostly occur in atopic dermatitis
Diagnosis and Treatment
After suspecting common symptoms of allergies in your cats, you must visit a veterinarian to work on the course of action to help your furry friend get back to feeling their best. A veterinarian may broadly check your pet’s pre-existing medical condition and perform a physical examination and bloodwork to find the possible reason behind the allergic reaction.
To figure out the specific type of allergy, your veterinarian may perform a blood test and urinalysis. It is followed by a routine checkup to know more about your cat’s diet, behavior pattern, and environmental influences.
A veterinarian may prescribe medical and non-medical options to eliminate allergic reactions. In the medical approach, a vet may prescribe common medications like antihistamine and cortisone pills, topical creams, and ointments to reduce itching.
In a non-medical approach, veterinarians suggest you keep your cats inside in case of a flea and environmental allergy. Switching to bland food and eliminating new treats that were recently introduced. Oftentimes you can help by using a dust-free cat litter, cleaning and sanitizing your house to avoid dust build-up, and offering healthy and nutritious diets with organic ingredients.
Pet Wellness Plans for Cat Allergy Prevention
A cat wellness plan offers the perfect way to keep up with your cat's health, hygiene, and routine care. Most cat wellness plans cover services such as routine cat vaccination, grooming, regular veterinary screenings, bloodwork, and medical checkups to suspect signs of acute or chronic health conditions.
Wagmo pet wellness plans help pet parents bear the cost of predictable or unexpected pet care needs. Through routine and preventive exams, you can get access to your pet’s sensitivity to potential indoor and outdoor antigens. A cat wellness plan covers blood work, flea and tick medication, and urinalysis that helps prevent severe allergic reactions by suspecting them at an early stage.
It gets even more significant for new pet parents to subscribe to a kitten wellness plan as most pet owners are unaware of their pet’s needs until the later stages of life. You may need veterinarian support to examine the behavioral pattern, reaction to foreign substances, and other age-related factors.
A cat wellness plan makes caring for your feline friends easy and convenient without letting pet parents think about the incurred cost. It is an affordable way to provide high-end veterinarian services and facilities to your pets at every age.
Want to shop for a kitten wellness plan? Visit Wagmo.io. Here you can find three different pet wellness plans – Value, Classic, and Deluxe to match your budget and your pet's needs. We provide coverage for dental care, grooming, medication, behavioral training, and a fecal test to ensure your pets stay healthy.